Nepal Facts & Figures

Have a quick look at the geographical, political, economic, demographic and national details of Nepal. The factual details are an overview to the small mountain Kingdom.

Located between two Asian giants, China and India, Nepal traditionally has been characterized as 'a yam caught between two rocks'. The country is famous for the majestic Himalayas and astonishing geographic beauty that includes pristine forests, crystal clear lakes, towering peaks and ancient valley cities.
Location    Nepal is a landlocked country situated in South Asia, between China in North and India in South
Area    147,181 sq km.
Boundary    2,926 km.
Land    •    Arable: 17%
•    Irrigated: 8,500 sq sm.
Climate    Cool summers and severe winters in north to sub-tropical summers and mild winters in south
Time    GMT + 5 hours 45 minutes

The Nepalese are traditionally very patriotic people. They have great respect for their nation and the national symbols like national flag, national anthem, national flower etc.
Nepal Country Code    +977
Internet Domain    .np
Flower    Rhododendron
Bird    Danphe Monal Pheasant Lophophorus ImSpeyanus
Colour    Crimson-red (Simrik)
National Anthem    Shri mân gumbhira nepâli prachanda pratâpi bhupati Shri pânch sarkâr mahârâjâdhirâjako sadâ rahos unnatti Rakhun chirâyu eeshale prajâ phailiyos pukâraun jaya premale
Hâmi nepâli sârâle.
English Translation    May glory crown you, courageous Sovereign,
You, the gallant Nepalese,
Shri Panch Maharajadhiraja, our glorious ruler,
May he live for many years to come
And may the number of his subjects increase.
Let every Nepalese sing this with joy.

Total    24,546,861 (2003 Census)
Growth Rate    2.24%
Structure    •    Male : 115,63,921
•    Female : 115,87,502
Life Expectancy    •    Male : 58.84 yrs
•    Female : 57.35 yrs
Religion    Hindu: 80.62%, Budhist: 10.74%, Muslim: 4.20%, Others: 4.44%
Literacy    103,48,472 (53.74%), Male 62,42,975 (68.51%), Female 41,05,470 (42.49%)

Though Nepal has witnessed great political instabilities in the recent past, the country has a strong base of parliamentary democracy & constitutional monarchy.
Form    Parliamentary Democracy & Constitutional Monarchy.
Head of State    King
Head of Government    Prime Minister
Legislative    House of Representative(lower house)-205 members National Assembly (upper house)-60 members.
Judiciary    Supreme Court, Appellate Court: 11, District court: 75
Administrative Division    Development region: 5, Zone: 14, District: 75
Capital    Kathmandu

Nepal is a developing country. The major industries in Nepal are tourism, handicraft, agriculture and water resources.
GDP Composition    Agriculture: 40%, Industry: 22%, Services: 37%
GDP Real Growth Rate    4.9% (2000-2001)
Average Inflation Rate    2.1% (2000-2001)
Per Capita Income    $ 240 (Rs 17,718) for (2000-2001), $236 (Rs 18,083) estimate for(2001-2002)
Unit of Currency    Rupee
Labour Force    Agriculture: 81%, Industry: 3%, Service: 11%, Other: 5%.

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